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Historical overview

„Hold up your steps at Ruda on the Ruda River
Where charmful leaves in the air quiver
Representing various trees,
Screen the tiled brick walls,
On which one sees
A decorative tower and window lights multitude
Like a garden-hidden castle of
Cistercians’ magnitude
Therein monks indulge in the treasure
Of reading the solemn books for pleasure.
But in the prayers all the same
Recall the Prince’ s of Opole name[…]”
Bogusz Zygmunt Stęczyński, poem „Silesia”

In the Raciborska Valley, downstream the Ruda River, lies a charming village of the same name. Once famous throughout Europe, destroyed by the war, now again starts to attract attention. Nowadays one can admire there the Cistercian monastery with the Gothic-Baroque church and a beautiful English park, and in the neighborhood one can find places described in local legends. The park surrounding the Cistercian Monastery - Palace Complex consists of the Cistercian Natural Landscape Area of Rudy Wielkie (Rudy the Great).

The Polish Hussars’ Route, the Industrial Monuments Route of the Silesian Voivodship, the Cistercian Route developed within the European Programme of Heritage Routes – they all pass through the village of Rudy.

The history of the Rudy complex dates back to the medieval times. It is associated with the Prince Ladislaus of Opole and Raciborz, his wife, Euphemia, and the Cistercian Order. In 1238 the Chapter General entrusted the abbots of Mogila and Sulejow with tracing the land for a new monastery. There are many disputes in the historical sources concerning the exact date of the origin of the monastery. The sources (AE Pospel abbot, J. Heyn) quote the dates 1237 and 1238 (that is, the dates of Prince Ladislaus’s salvation and that of the convent of the General Chapter), some historians, however, negate the possibility of founding the monastic order at that time, and as the most likely date the give the year 1252 or 1258.

On October 21, 1258 at the castle in Raciborz, Prince Ladislaus III issued the foundation document and bestowed legal and economic privileges upon the Cistercians.
The Cistercian monastery - Palace Complex of Rudy
The Cistercian monastery  - Palace Complex of Rudy
Prince Ladislaus’s
Prince Ladislaus’s
AE Pospel abbot
AE Pospel abbot

Project co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund within Innovative Economy Programme

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