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The Palace Park

Arranged in the place of former Cistercian gardens, it originally consisted of the monastery vividarium and the regulated part of the Ruda River, at which a mill was situated. In the seventeenth century, fish ponds, fed by the river, were transformed into landscape ponds and the composition of the park was shaped by lined avenues and wild promenades. After the dissolution of the monastery further changes in the monastery and palace ambient took place. The farming culture was liquidated and the park plantings increased. The Duke family set up a 100 acre park, draining the marshy areas around the palace and removing parts of the ponds. The Duke’s gardeners, first Ruhmer and later Peicker, enriched the park with numerous exotic trees and shrubs.

The nineteenth century shaped ultimately the composition of the park, including roads, alleys and plantings, which gave the park its English character, with five, radiating viewing axis. Nurtured and replenished with new, interesting plantings, the park survived until 1945 when it was devastated. Currently the park surrounds the Monastery and Palace Complex mainly from the east, north and west.
         
Adjoining the palace from the east, there is a large park yard of irregular outline, limited by the massive of old –grown forest of leaf trees, with single specimens of white oak (Quercus alba) and the almost extinct candelabrum oak (Quercus pedunculata), as well as the Canadian Hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis), the blue spruce (Pinea pungens), the pea-fruited cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera) and the silver maple (Acer saccharinum). It also contains the  copy of the common oak named "Cistercian".

Two viewing axes come out of the mentioned park yard - with a view of the former Swiss Pond, where the famous Pontic azaleas grow and the other to the Peicker Pond overgrown with water lilies. The viewing axis is closed by the Gardener's Cottage, with a magnolia tree growing beside. Sections of the park away from the palace, were formed by demarcation of large park yards with dense massives of old-grown forest mainly common oaks, three kinds of pines and elms.

The alleys system of the park was composed in such a way as to lead from the palace lit space, through the large spaces of distinct  human intervention into the more and more natural areas and forestry. The farther from the palace, the more the park loses its manmade character and fluently proceeds into the forest complex.

The Palace Park
contains about 20 trees which are now monuments of nature, there are 70 species of exotic trees and shrubs, among others such as: the silver maple, purple rhododendrons, the golden larch ( Pseudolarix Kaempferi) the pea-fruited cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera) and also 46 species of native trees and shrubs - oaks, beeches , ashes and maples. What is worth emphasizing, dozens of specimens growing in the park are over 150 years old. Rudy is also a real treat for lovers of insects. In the nineteenth century, an outstanding man conducted his research in Rudy, a doctor by profession, passionate entomologist and ethnographer - Roger Julius - discoverer of about 400 species of beetles.

Project co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund within Innovative Economy Programme

All rights reserved - Info Kiosk Rudy © 2011
General Contractor: PRB ERBUD

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